Over the next few weeks we will look at 12 plants with controlled trial evidence (human studies) or bioactivity potentially relevant to protection against or treatment of viral infections (such as covid 19) with key activities including anti-viral, immunostimulant, respiratory health (coughs, colds, flu, pneumonia) as well as antiseptic skin protection.
This list excludes many more plants that have positive results from lab studies and are yet to be tested in controlled clinical trials.
Some of the plants we will look at are below (* indicates particular relevance) and we will also include plants that help boost mood, relieve stress and treat anxiety and insomnia.
*Astragalus root – immunostimulant, treats common colds and prevents respiratory infections
*Echinacea root: reduces respiratory infections, anti-viral and immune-boosting
Elder berry – reduces symptoms and duration of upper respiratory infections
Elecampane (pictured) root – immunostimulant (inulin)
Garlic bulb and wild garlic (ransoms) leaf – immunostimulant and antiseptic
Ginger root – immunostimulant and anti-viral
Ivy leaf – treats respiratory diseases
Liquorice root – immunostimulant
Rose berry (wild/ dog rose) – treats colds, immunostimulant ( vitamin C )
Sage leaf (Salvia officinalis) – antibiotic (eg. throat infections)
Tea tree essential oil – antibiotic
Thyme leaf – for coughs, respiratory infections as well as anti- viral